Osgood was laid out in 1856 and named for chief engineer of the Ohio and Mississippi Railroad, A.L. Osgood. Incorporated in 1878, it became a commercial and agricultural center, the site of the county fair, and host to many local events.
Ripley County (Ind.); Fairs; Agricultural exhibitions
View of the three story brick factory building of the American Furniture Company in Batesville, Indiana. Several stacks of long boards are on pallets behind the building. Three men and two young boys stand between the stacks of wood and a utility...
North Vernon was laid out in the 1850s as Tripton. It had previously been known as Lick Skillet. The Ohio & Mississippi Railroad built a branch there in 1868. It was this line that was taken over by the Baltimore & Ohio, whose depot is shown here.
Jennings County (Ind.); Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company; Railroad facilities; Railroad stations; Railroad tracks
View of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company depot in North Vernon, Indiana. Crossing lines of railroad tracks surround the depot. The depot itself is one story and has a short rounded extension on one corner topped with a pointy roof. There is...
View of the Baltimore and Ohio Depot in Osgood, Indiana. The wooden one story structure has two sets of railroad tracks next to it. There is a wide platform by the station for waiting passengers and freight. Other buildings are visible in the...
The Ball Brothers Manufacturing Company moved to Muncie in 1887 due to the large amount of natural gas needed to produce glass jars, for which the Ball Brothers were famous. Not only were the brothers businessmen, they were also philanthropists.
Delaware County (Ind.); Industrial facilities; Aerial views
View of a railroad station in Fairmont, Indiana. The one story wooden building is located next to the railroad tracks. A signal is mounted in the middle of the structure. Some empty freight wagons are in the loading area.
Located halfway between Indianapolis and Cincinnati, Decatur County was ideally situated for railroad and highway access. The Big Four Railroad’s main line and the railway station at Greensburg connected the county to cities across the Midwest.
Decatur County (Ind.); Railroad facilities; Railroad stations; Railroads
Dr. William B. Laughlin, “The Father of Rushville,” donated land for the county seat and asked that it and the county be named for his mentor, Benjamin Rush.The courthouse, built in 1896-1898, was considered by many at the time to be an...
Rush County (Ind.); Bird's-eye views; Cities & towns
View of the Buffalo Bridge in Buffalo, Indiana. The bridge is constructed of metal beams. It is dated 1882 and includes decorative metalwork at the top that reads "Columbia Bridge Works Dayton, Ohio". A young girl is shown standing beside the...
Lawrenceburg is Indiana's fourth oldest city and Dearborn County's largest community. The city is a favorable location for river trade as seen by this coal elevator that extended down to the Ohio River in the early 1900s.
Dearborn County (Ind.); Ohio River; Coal; Coal trade; Bird's-eye views
View of the county courthouse in Richmond, Indiana. The Romanesque style building covers a city block and building it required 600 carloads of Bedford limestone, three million bricks and 125 stonecutters.
View of the courthouse in Anderson, Indiana. The courthouse is topped by a clock tower. In front of the courthouse, a man stands next to a pair of horses tied to a wagon. Several buildings are visible along the surrounding square.
View of the courthouse and surrounding city block in Fort Wayne, Indiana. The building is topped by a dome with clocks on each side. There are flags flying on the roof of the courthouse and the building next to it.
Courthouses; Government facilities; Domes; Clocks & watches; Flags
The old county courthouse was built from 1882-1885. It was the design of architect George W. Bunting, believed to have been the most prolific designer of Indiana courthouses. The building was demolished in 1972 and replaced the following year.
Madison County (Ind.); Courthouses; Business districts; Transportation
View of the two story brick H. H. Kramer department store in Batesville, Indiana. A banner on the front of the store reads "H. H. Kramer's Store". Lettering in the front display windows advertises groceries along with dry goods and notions. Striped...
View of a train depot in Brookville, Indiana. A train has pulled up beside the station. Several men and women are standing around on the platform or walking over a small bridge to leave the station. There is a small body of water in front of the...
The town of Aurora overlooks a picturesque bend in the Ohio River. It was laid out in 1819 and was named for the Roman goddess of dawn by Judge Jesse Lynch Holman, author of fiction and poetry, and an early organizer of the Indiana Historical...
View of the train depot in Aurora, Indiana. A steam engine is coming up the track towards the depot. A crowd stands on the platform waiting for the train. A couple horse-drawn wagons wait off to the side. Several crates are stacked behind the depot.
View of the empty dining room in South Hall at the University of Valparaiso. The long room has three rows of tables. Each table has a cloth on it and is set for twelve people. The ceiling is open to show the rafters.
View of East Broadway in Bunker Hill, Indiana. Several stores and buildings line both sides of the street including a hardware store and an office for Dr. Wallace. There is also a barbershop pole in front of one building. Two horse-drawn vehicles...
View of the east side of the public square in Orleans, Indiana. Several stores line the street including a cafe and what appears to be a photography studio. Nearly all of the stores have awnings over their first floor windows. Several cars and...
The town was platted in 1843 when it was chosen to be the county seat. By 1873 the county courthouse was condemned and the capitol moved to Fowler. The town square is the only reminder of the courthouse's former location. Various stores and...
Benton County (Ind.); Cities & towns; Business districts; Storefronts; Sidewalks; Banks; Public spaces
View of the entrance to Military Park in Indianapolis, Indiana. Civil War relics frame the entrance. A boy in the middle of the sidewalk leans against his bicycle. Behind him there is a display of canon balls.
View of a train and station in Madison, Indiana. The engineer stands in the entrance to the locomotive while a group of men walk toward the passenger car behind the engine. A horse and wagon wait beside the depot.
In 1849, Fayette County built a new courthouse called one of the finest in Indiana. By 1890 a new courthouse was needed. Proud not to be spending what other counties were on new courthouses, the county remodeled the 1849 building, at a cost of only...
Oct. 21, 1920
Fayette County (Ind.); Courthouses; Government facilities; Romanesque revival (Architecture)
A crowd is standing in front of an interurban car at an intersection in Seymour, Idniana. The conductor is visible in the front window. A sign on the car lists its other stops which included Greenwood, Franklin, Edinburg, and Columbus.
Railroad cars; Crowds; Electric railroads; Street railroads
View of the residence of Indiana Governor James Brown Ray in Brookville, Indiana. Ray served as governor from 1825-1831. The two story house has wood siding and porches in both the front and back. A rocking chair is visible on the front porch.
Noted for some extreme weather conditions (temperatures have topped 100 degrees in the summer), Greensburg holds the record for the state’s coldest temperature, minus 35 degrees on Groundhog Day, Feb. 2, 1951.
Decatur County (Ind.); Winter; Business districts; Snow; Storefronts
View of the high school in Aurora, Indiana. The large brick building has two main floors with a wide flight of stairs leading up to the entryway from the sidewalk. A group of three girls and two boys stands on the stairs. Other children can be seen...
Schools; Carriages & coaches; Horses; Children; Students
Grandview was named for its location on a bluff that offers views of the Ohio River. A flour mill erected in the 1850s was sold to William Cadick and Son in 1883. The mill shipped flour to the South via riverboat from its two warehouses by the...
Spencer County (Ind.); Mills; Flour & meal industry
Churubusco holds an annual festival called Turtle Days that commemorates the Beast of Busco, a giant snapping turtle that, according to legend, terrorized the town in 1949. Tourists swarmed the town during a month-long hunt, but the turtle was...
August 10, 1910
Whitley County (Ind.); Hotels; Railroad stations; Railroad crossings; Railroad tracks; Utility poles
Inventor and business man, J.W. Whitlock, opened J.W. Whitlock and Co. in Rising Sun about 1900 where he manufactured furniture and Autoharp music machines. J.W. is best known for boat racing and setting speed records with his Hoosier Boy...
May 28, 1909
Ohio County (Ind.); Businessmen; Furniture industry; Musical instrument industry; Factories
When the Ohio River flooded in 1937 it engulfed the city of Jeffersonville. This view is from the Municipal Bridge seen in the lower left corner looking east, up river. The outline of the normal shore is seen on the right.
Clark County (Ind.); Aerial views; Floods--Indiana
Winter view of Main Street in Lebanon, Indiana. Snow is piled up between the sidewalk and the street. Horses and buggies are on both sides of the street. Some of the horses have blankets on underneath their harnesses.
View of Main Street and the business district in Daleville, Indiana. Various people and two dogs are on the sidewalk in front of the market. A bicycle is on the road close to the market's entrance. Across the street, a carriage is parked in front...
Business districts; Dogs; Carriages & coaches; Children & adults; Bicycles & tricycles; Markets; Jewelry stores; Streets
View of Main St. in Muncie, Indiana. Two and three story buildings line both sides of the street. The Willard Building is on the corner with the statue of a man affixed to the exterior of the third floor. Railroad tracks run down the middle of the...
Business districts; Storefronts; Railroad tracks; Sculpture; Streets
Avilla was founded around 1835 and incorporated in 1876. In 1846, a post office was established there with Noah Hill as the first post master. Here is a view of Main Street where several horse and buggies are lined up in front of the businesses.
Noble County (Ind.); Cities & towns; Business districts; Storefronts; Carriages & coaches; Carts & wagons; Dirt roads
View of Main Street in downtown Cambridge City, Indiana. A railroad track runs down the middle of the street. Cars are parked on both sides of the road. Several stores and buildings line both sides of the street.
Streets; Stores & shops; Railroad tracks; Automobiles; Business districts
Mauckport was founded in 1827 as New Market and renamed after Frederick Mauck, an early settler of the area. The Ohio River has played a major role in Mauckport history: John Hunt Morgan crossed over the river east of the town during his raid and...
Harrison County (Ind.); Rivers; Streets; Dirt roads; River life
New Palestine was laid out in 1838 and was developed as an agricultural community. Originally the post office was called Sugar Creek and the railroad station was named Palestine. Today the farms are being replaced with houses as the area changes to...
Hancock County (Ind.); Business districts; Storefronts; Dirt roads; Sidewalks
Stinesville was platted on April 5, 1855 and named for Eusebius Stine, who built the first grist and sawmill in the area. This image of Main Street shows the Odd Fellows Lodge and several businesses, many built of limestone prevalent in the area.
Business districts; Monroe County (Ind.); Dirt roads; Transportation
One of Thorntown’s famous sons, Brigadier General Anson Mills, financed the construction of two fountains on Main Street in honor of his parents. As a soldier and inventor, Mills had many varied accomplishments, including platting the city of El...
Boone County (Ind.); Fountains; Business districts; Storefronts; Carriages & coaches; Carts & wagons; Horses; Dirt roads
View of the Mills Memorial Fountains along Main Street in Thorntown, Indiana. The larger fountain in the background is topped by a statue. Various buildings line both sides of the street including a grocery store and a hardware store.
Worthington was laid out in 1849 and named for the Ohio home of one of the founders. In 1884 the public well in the center of town was restored and became a gathering place. Many filled their cups with the artesian water while traveling through...
Greene County (Ind.); Fountains; Artesian wells; Drinking fountains; Business districts; Storefronts; Awnings; Utility poles
Mount Vernon was laid out in 1816 and named for George Washington's home. The town grew rapidly as it was located next to the Ohio River which provided for growth of commerce. For a time the town commercially surpassed Evansville.
Ohio County prospered until the early 1900’s because of its location on the Ohio River. A lack of railroads and decline in river traffic has hurt the local economy. Today the county works to preserve its historic architecture and become a major...
January 25, 1928
Ohio County (Ind.); Ohio River; Flatboats; River life
View of Main Street in Brookville, Indiana. Several stores and buildings line the street. Visible signs include: Citizens Drug Store, Lincoln League, and Fries Buffet. Most of the buildings display American flags and banners. Several people walk...
Streets; City & town life; Flags--American; Banners; Carriages & coaches; Sidewalks; Stores & shops
The Fort Wayne firm of Thomas J. Tolan and Son built the Second Empire-style Parke County Courthouse in 1882. Large boulders at the courthouse’s Ohio Street entrance are said to have contributed to the naming of the city of Rockville.
Parke County (Ind.); Courthouses; Government facilities
View of a pavilion and the surrounding grounds in Glenn Miller Park in Richmond, Indiana. The pavilion is a wooden structure with a porch across the front. A horse and wagon wait in front of the buidling.
View of Plymouth Street in Bremen, Indiana. The road has not been paved yet. Several horse-drawn carriages are parked along the sides of the road while one carriage actually travels down the street. Shops and buildings line both sides of the street.
Akron was settled in 1836 by a group from Ohio and called Newark. Their leader declared, “This is the New Ark, consummating the covenant seeking homes in a new land.” It was later discovered that another Indiana town was named Newark, so it was...
Fulton County (Ind.); Garages; Automobiles; Automobile repair; Motorcycles
Shown here is a quiet view of a residential street in Rising Sun, Indiana. In the 1890s the melodrama “Blue Jeans,” by local playwright Joseph Arthur, was set in Rising Sun. The play became a Broadway hit and was made into a film in 1918. The...
Ohio County (Ind.); Cities & towns; Streets; Residential streets; Street lights; Trees; Dirt roads
The Ohio County Courthouse at Rising Sun was constructed in 1845 and is the oldest Greek Revival-style courthouse in continuous use in Indiana. During the early 20th century the porch was added and in 1987 the structure was restored and remodeled.
Ohio County (Ind.); Courthouses; Government facilities; Greek Revival (Architecture)
View of a residential area in Cumberland, Indiana. The scene shows a row of three story homes with porches. A line of railroad tracks runs right up to the front yards of these homes. A dirt road runs parallel to the tracks.
Ulysses P. “Hay King” Schenk (1811-1884) born in Neuchatel, Switzerland was an entrepreneur, shipping magnate, and family man. In Vevay he used the Ohio River to access southern markets. His ship the “Switzerland,” was sold to the United...
Switzerland County (Ind.); Schenck, Ulysses Phillip, 1811-1884; Immigrants; Mansions; Ohio River
View of the Thompson-Norris Paper Mill in Brookville, Indiana. The paper mill is a long, brick building Two smokestacks stand side by side at the far end of the building. Railroad tracks run by the side of the building. A ramp leads up to a smaller...
Mills; Paper industry; Railroad tracks; Inclined planes; Smokestacks
View of a section of Walnut Street in Muncie, Indiana. A variety of businesses are located on the road. Several vehicles travel down the street including a streetcar, a man on a bicyle, and horse-drawn carriages.
Business districts; Streets; Carriages & coaches; Bicycles & tricycles; Street railroads
This flour mill was built in 1857 by J.C. Spink, one of the first city councilmen of Washington. He operated it with his partner until he gave up his share in 1875 after flood losses. It was destroyed by a fire in 1885 at a loss of 12,000 dollars....
Daviess County (Ind.); Mills; Mills and Mill-work; Farmers; Carts & wagons
View across the Blue River to the Starch and Glucose Works in Edinburgh, Indiana. The factory complex is made up of several buildings dominated by two tall smokestacks billowing dark smoke into the air.
River commerce was important to Aurora with industry and river traffic as the pillars of Aurora’s economy. For many years steamboats would line the wharves to receive and deliver passengers and goods. Here the Steamboat Ranger is docked at Aurora.
Dearborn County (Ind.); Steamboats; Rivers; Ohio River; Boat & ship industry